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Tuesday, June 3, 2014

Cakras and Glandular Influences Regarding Subtler Realms of Mind and Some Samadhis

Mind, Brain, Neurology, and Yoga

What are you most capable of doing?  What are you most capable of being?  What is the ultimate possibility of human excellence, and can or will you access such potentialities, in this lifetime, and how may such be achieved, and what to do with it when arrived at?  

This brief article covers realms of life, progressing from crude toward subtle, our glands, cakras and human potential, including samadhi among such possibilities.  


Human Potential

Truthful seekers may ask themselves, "where, how and upon what continuities, thoughts and actions can I achieve, deliver myself to such greater thresholds of excellence, make them real in personal life, grace others with such potentialities?"  

Humans, indeed every living being, is in search of greater thresholds of being, predicating why we wake up, why we eat, why we explore, even why we breathe.   For humans particularly exploring such possibilities is particularly germane, for by whatever means the achievement of human form and psyche, it is within human potential in longing for infinity to actually deliver one's self into greater thresholds of excellence and positively affect all of posterity through the explorations of matter, psyche and spirit, laying precedent for posterity to meet and exceed such deliverance into subtler realms of being as the new base from which to launch further explorations.   


Realms of Being: From Crude Toward Subtle 

In the three realms of life, physical, psychic and transpersonal, which arenas give the most satisfaction, make a person glad to be alive, have the most lasting effect?  

Physicality, both within one's body and the material world, are integral to, instrumental of a vehicle through which the mind acts, experiences, and evolves in sharing this manifest universe resplendent all around.  Can physicality, will inanimate objects be our ultimate goal, or is the mind subtler, while being in need of physicality to express itself?  Can, will object accumulation deliver you to the ultimate possibilities that are you?  If you owned the world, 'could there be more'?  If not, more of 'what'?  

Of our mind, our conscious mind, we reach toward greater thresholds of subtelties -- subtler mind, subtler thoughts.  What of those thoughts are the most lasting?  Is history full of ideas reaching their obsolescence?  Which, if any, are most lasting of all?  An idea today, relative to circumstances surrounding it, may not be so relevant in the future or in other places or among other people concurrently.   

In the trifarious realms of time, place and person, the vicissitudes of life play, fluctuating in each of these variable factors while operating also within the physical and psychic realms.   

Transpersonal, spiritual realms are characteristically pervasive throughout the universe and at all times, with all beings in all places.  Can such a lasting arena with constancy throughout every time, place and person in the universe deliver ever subtler thresholds far beyond those of our subtle minds?  

The three realms of physical, psychic and transpersonal or spiritual are operative all the time, the cruder realms are necessary vehicles for the ever subtler realms and potentialities to find expression, conjugate their potentialities.  Conscious attention toward subtler realms does not necessitate neglecting more mundane realms of life, though attending to them from such subtler realms of being optimizes experiencing the more mundane realms of life with extraordinarily greater richness.  

How much more resplendent are your mundane tasks during or after having been anointed with the fertile waters of mutual respect and love with another being?  A child awakens from deep sleep within a safe environment harbored in the loving embrace of a caring parent whisking them into the bathroom, washing up, scurrying to a delicious nurturing breakfast and hastened into a morning of joyous play and sharing.  Each person recognizes, acknowledges the happiness of each other, each's dignity, sharing of resources and fealty in love flowing freely without pretense carrying each and all to greater gestalts in the synergy of their mutuality.  

Such is the living evidence of subtler realms than physicality and psyche, an essence in precedence to our individual separateness, a mutuality within which we are conceived into life, and replicate in most every thing we do, including carrying on the perpetuity of life through the exponential growth of bringing forth more life.  

In our loving embraces, among the mysteries of our bonding there's a threshold where we lose track of where we end and the other being begins, melded into the singularity of our love, moving in unison without objective thought as to what limb or digit goes where, when or how.  We are symphonies in bonding, arriving at greater thresholds of excellence synergized in the mutuality of our love.  

The operative functionality of all of our organs, both motor and otherwise, are controlled, centristically, by the strengths and capabilities of our glands.  The core of our being psycho-physically is our neurology, our spine, and the subtle centers along its length, common to all vertebrates, "plexii" in many languages, or "cakras" in Sam'skrit.  Our glands are next in line, toward the more mundane direction, from the plexii or cakras along the spine, of which there are seven primary cakras, along with hundreds of subordinate cakras.  Optimizing our glands and cakras positively affects our physicality, our psyche, and our psycho-spiritual parallelism.  

[Aside from describing cakras individually, I will say, reserving greater details for future articles, that much of the descriptions people commonly read about cakras in modern time are misleading, inaccurate, often wrong, and outright dangerous -- information that can be damaging to your wellbeing when utilized.]    

Realms of mind have both direct and indirect relationships with the cakras, with each cakra harboring both subtler sentiments and subtler realms of mind, of being, up to and including the top cakra, the crown cakra or sahashrara cakra at the top of the head.  As each cakra is optimized, ever progressively and concurrently, along with each realm of mind polished in such a progressive manner, new thresholds of human excellence may ensue, greater splendors in one's wellbeing and greater rapport, greater intimacy with the universe.  

Glands are particularly optimized by what we eat, characteristics of our choices of thoughts and actions, and by progressive scientific glandular massage as through asanas, commonly referred to as yoga postures.  This is the real reason why yoga postures, asanas, were invented, plus conjugating thought, word and deed as a singular symphony delivering you into subtler realms of being, predicated upon love and universality.  

Our psyche is optimized through psychic exercises cultivated in a progressive manner, which also include conjugating the parallelism between body and psyche as well as the parallelism between psyche and transpersonal realms.  Progressively designed intuitional science, meditation techniques involve optimizing each realm, and their tangencies with other realms, while merging each threshold, from crude toward subtle, into the next subtler realm of being which is delivered to the ultimate threshold in the constancy of the universal disposition.  

Directly and indirectly this includes optimizing the pineal gland as part of the process, about which the following material addresses a specific form of samadhi in relation to the pineal gland's influence.  

Types of samadhis, individuated samadhis exceed thirty, some of which are cakra-specific while the two samadhis of greatest relevance to all vertebrates, all but a couple of which only humans can will themselves to experience, are savikalpa samadhi -- merging with, ultimate rapport with the manifest universe -- and nirvikalpa samadhi -- merging with and ultimate intimacy with the universe beyond its manifest essence.  

There are many different variations of samadhi, all of which are affected by our glands, both directly and indirectly, while below I've selected one samadhi that is particularly pineal-caused.    



Anindya'nanda Rasasama'dhi
[by Mahasambhuti]


To control the various propensities of human mind there are various glands and sub-glands which form certain nerve centers inside the spinal column.  They are called cakras in Ta'ntra.  Each and every plexus regulates a certain number of propensities.  The hormones secreted from these particular glands influence the concerning sub-glands, the other lower glands, and the propensities, vrttis in Sam'skrit, controlled by their respective glands.


The food and drink we take every day is converted into rasa (fluid), rakta, flesh, fat, bone marrow and lymph etc.  Ultimately the lymph is converted into hormones of various types.  The special hormone secreted from the spiritual aspirant's pineal gland flows into the pituitary plexus.  At that time if one's mind remains engaged in pure spiritual thoughts that hormone flows from the pineal gland down the left side to the pituitary gland, and then to other plexii, glands and sub-glands, nerve fibers, nerve cells, veins and arteries, etc.  This excessive flow of pineal hormone revitalizes all the lower plexii.  On the other hand, if one's mind remains preoccupied with crude thoughts then the pineal hormone gets burnt up at the pituitary plexus.  The lower cakras and glands, due to the lack of supply of pineal secretion, do not enjoy any spiritual bliss.  But when the pineal hormone flows through the pituitary plexus to the lowest plexii, the undeveloped cakras of the body become healthier and revitalized.  As a rule the upper cakras control the lower ones.  So the svadhista'na cakra (2nd plexus) controls the mu'la'dha'ra cakra (1st plexus), the manipura cakra (3rd plexus) controls the svadhista'na and mu'ladha'ra cakras, the ana'hata (4th plexus) controls the man'ipura, svadhista'na and muladha'ra cakras, and the a'jina' (6th plexus) controls all the lower cakras.


At the time of pineal secretion if a sa'dhaka goes into sama'dhi -- he or she experiences a kind of divine aura around the ana'hata cakra (heart plexus).  The sa'dhaka realizes that he or she is experiencing a divine dip in the holy aura, and feels indescribable bliss in the heart.  In that exalted state of realization every object of this universe seems to be extremely sweet, and one derives immense bliss which no worldly object could ever provide.  The sun's rays, the moon beams, the land, the water, in fact everything appears to be emanating continuous streams of blissful nectar.


Idam' ma'nusam'sarves'a'm' bhu'ta'na'm'

Madhvasya' ma'nu's'asya sarva'ni bhu'ta'ni madhuh

Aya'ma'tma' sarves'a'm bhu'ta'na'm' madhvasya a'tmanah

Sarvani bhu'ta'ni madhuh.


Even a sworn enemy appears to be very sweet at that time.  Everything is sweet.  In Vaesnava philosophy this stage of sama'dhi is called madhura bha'va.  In Ta'ntra it is called aninda'nanda rasa sama'dhi.


Characteristics of Aninda'nanda Rasa Sama'dhi

The different plexii of the body get revitalized due to abundant hormone secretion and become more active than before.  The sa'dhaka enjoys immense bliss.  Due to excessive feelings of joy the nerve cells and the nerve fibers become ineffective.  A very sweet relation of love between the sincere practitioner and core of the universe is established.  Throughout the blissful experience a sweet taste is felt.  This state is one of the thirty-two prominent states of bliss experienced by highly developed sa'dhakas.  The special characteristics of this sama'dhi is that it is attained by an adept's grace predicated upon one's sincere efforts.

Of course, to attain supreme spiritual salvation it is not necessary for a sa'dhaka to experience any sama'dhi at all.  For example, passengers traveling on a train may or will not be able to see the sights of nature or towns if the doors and window-shutters are closed.  Although the passengers are unaware of the towns they are passing through, they still reach their destinations.  In the spiritual world also, the sa'dhaka, while ideating on the Supreme Consciousness will certainly pass through the different stages of realisation without necessarily being aware of it.  When the all-merciful universe gifts an adept incarnate with transpersonal initiation capabilities they help deserving sa'dhakas to attain this type of samadhi.  Even when they are physically absent in this world they help deserving persons to attain this sama'dhi through other adepts.


Do the mysteries of and about shamanism, meditation, tantra, yoga, mindfulness, intuition, and consciousness seem, at times, to be more confusing than you can grasp?  http://bit.ly/MysticalPresentations3

Sparkling Minds Expanding with the Universe
Instructor in Tantra Psychology, presenting rational articulation of intuitional science with cogent practical exercises bringing greater personal awareness and cultivation of subtler realms, imbuing new and meaningful talents into participants' lives.  Explore further bringing such capabilities into your realm, both personal and at work.  Contact HERE

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Saturday, March 15, 2014

Yoga May Have Positive Effects On Major Psychiatric Disorders


Editor's Note:  The study and studies referenced in the article below review the meaningful contributions of yoga postures in assuaging human ails, whether physical or psychic, neurological, physiological, and psychological.  In North America and other places around the world, the term "yoga" nearly always refers solely to physical postures [asanas], a portion of a more whole arena yogic practice presents.  

All too often the narrow attention upon the physical postures of yoga are approached calisthenically, not with the true body/mind/soulful integration properly practicing yoga imbues in practitioners.  The comprehensive wholeness yoga and tantra contribute to our pursuit of happiness and infinity in human life will be actualized upon contemporary allopathy's relinquishment of its imperial conceits of culture and intellect.  

Even the pineal gland was considered inert matter in humans, until a few operating within allopathy awakened to unrecognized potentialities after large numbers of South Asians and others around the world harbinged its essential involvement in human wellbeing, conveying "We have been using and optimizing the pineal gland for thousands of years, we know it works!", after which money-motivated allopaths researched it further, acknowledging its functionality in the late 1960s, after a couple of pharmaceutical companies derived patents from its research.  

The pineal gland is the kingpin of all glands affecting our wellbeing, in every realm of life, well known by yogis for thousands of years.  

Psychological, psychic, psycho-transpersonal, and psycho-social reframing are essentialities in yogic practice and integral to the very intent of practicing yoga, tantra, and have been for thousands of years.  We welcome allopathy's explorations, and confirmations, of the myriad positive influences of the broad spectrum of yogic practices and the human potentialities these practices affect, while true and ethical discoveries and confirmations germane to human excellence and evolution should be led by ethical practitioners who have already experienced the substantially positive influences of yoga, of tantra, and who will preserve the ethical application of such discoveries and potential inventions for a healthier society for all life on Earth and beyond.  

Guest article

Yoga May Have Positive Effects On Major Psychiatric Disorders, Including Depression, Schizophrenia, ADHD And Sleep Complaints
Yoga has positive effects on mild depression and sleep complaints, even in the absence of drug treatments, and improves symptoms associated with schizophrenia and ADHD in patients on medication, according to a systematic review of the exercise on major clinical psychiatric disorders.  

Published in the open-access journal,Frontiers in Psychiatry, the review of more than one hundred studies focusing on 16 high-quality controlled studies looked at the effects of yoga on depression, schizophrenia, ADHD, sleep complaints, eating disorders and cognition problems.  

Yoga in popular culture 

Yoga is a popular exercise and is practiced by 15.8 million adults in the United States alone, according to a survey by the Harris Interactive Service Bureau, and its holistic goal of promoting psychical and mental health is widely held in popular belief.  

"However, yoga has become such a cultural phenomenon that it has become difficult for physicians and patients to differentiate legitimate claims from hype," wrote the authors in their study.  "Our goal was to examine whether the evidence matched the promise." 

Benefits of the exercise were found for all mental health illnesses included in the review, except for eating disorders and cognition problems as the evidence for these was conflicting or lacking.  

Dr. P. Murali Doraiswamy, a professor of psychiatry and medicine at Duke University Medical Center, US, and author of the study, explained that the emerging scientific evidence in support of the 5,000 year old Indian practice on psychiatric disorders is "highly promising" and showed that yoga may not only help to improve symptoms, but also may have an ancillary role in the prevention of stress-related mental illnesses.  

The review found evidence from biomarker studies showing that yoga influences key elements of the human body thought to play a role in mental health in similar ways to that of antidepressants and psychotherapy.  One study found that the exercise affects neurotransmitters, inflammation, oxidative stress, lipids, growth factors and second messengers.  

Unmet need among mental health patients 

Depression alone affects more than 350 million people globally and is the leading cause of disability worldwide, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).  On World Mental Health Day last year, the WHO called for improved access to treatments.  

While there has been an increase in the number of medications available for mental health disorders, many of which can be life saving for patients, there remains "a considerable unmet need," according to Dr. Meera Balasubramaniam, lead author of the study, who is also based at Duke University, US.  

Poor compliance and relapse as well as treatment resistance are growing problems, and medications are expensive and can leave patients with significant side effects.  

The Primary Care study, carried out by WHO, found that 60% of patients were still depressed after a year of being treated with an anti-depressant and a National Institute of Mental Health funded research showed remission in only one-third of patients.  

"The search for improved treatments, including non-drug based, to meet the holistic needs of patients is of paramount importance and we call for more research into yoga as a global priority," said Doraiswamy.  "If the promise of yoga on mental health was found in a drug, it would be the best selling medication world-wide," he added.  

There are many benefits associated with practicing yoga for improving mental health, including, fewer side effects, relatively low cost, generally good access and the improvement of physical fitness, added the authors.  

The authors also note that while the results are promising, the findings should be viewed as preliminary because all studies of yoga to date have consisted of small samples, and more rigorous research will be needed before the exercise can be applied to help patients with mental health disorders. 

Article Information: 
Yoga on our Minds: A Systematic Review of Yoga for Neuropsychiatric Disorders. Authors: Meera Balasubramaniam, Shirley Telles and P. Murali Doraiswamy. 
Front. Psychiatry DOI=10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00117 
URL:http://www.frontiersin.org/Affective_Disorders_and_Psychosomatic_Research/10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00117/abstract
Frontiers


Do the mysteries of and about shamanism, meditation, tantra, yoga, mindfulness, intuition, and consciousness seem, at times, to be more confusing than you can grasp?  http://bit.ly/MysticalPresentations3

Sparkling Minds Expanding with the Universe
Instructor in Tantra Psychology, presenting rational articulation of intuitional science with cogent practical exercises bringing greater personal awareness and cultivation of subtler realms, imbuing new and meaningful talents into participants' lives.  Explore further bringing such capabilities into your realm, both personal and at work.  Contact HERE

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Out of Body Experiences at Will: University Researchers Explore Woman's Brain

Guest article
Mind, Brain, Neurology, and Yoga

Woman who can project from body at will is studied by University of Ottawa research team, providing evidence of extraordinary brain activity during astral projections.

By Sarah Griffiths


  • Researchers at the University of Ottawa, Canada, studied the brain activity of a student who can drift outside her own body at will

  • Scientists believe the left side of several areas of the brain associated with kinaesthetic imagery are responsible for extra-corporeal experiences

  • They think the experiences could be more common than thought or that people only retain the ability to have them if they practice from childhood



  • People have long been fascinated by out-of-body experiences - are they just tricks of the mind or do they have some sort of spiritual significance?  

    Now new research has shed light on what it terms as 'extra-corporeal experiences' by studying the brain activity of a Canadian woman who claims she can drift outside her own body at will.  

    Scientists believe the left side of several areas of the brain associated with kinaesthetic imagery (the perception of the sensation of moving) are responsible for the sensation of being able to leave your body and float above it – and that more people might have similar experiences than thought.  

    Scientists believe the left side of several areas of the brain associated with kinaesthetic imagery are responsible for the sensation of being able to leave your body and float above it. Increased activity was seen in the middle and superior orbitofrontal gyri (A,B,D) the supramarginal gyrus (B) and inferior temporal gyrus (D)
    Scientists believe the left side of several areas of the brain associated with kinaesthetic imagery are responsible for the sensation of being able to leave your body and float above it. Increased activity was seen in the middle and superior orbitofrontal gyri (A,B,D) the supramarginal gyrus (B) and inferior temporal gyrus (D)

    Researchers at the University of Ottawa came across a psychology graduate who admitted she could have voluntary out-of-body experiences before she fell asleep.

      The 24-year-old revealed she is able to see herself floating and rotating horizontally in the air above her body and can sometimes watch herself from above while remaining aware of her real body.  

      However, as she said she feels no emotions when she has the experiences, the scientists decided to classify her experiences as extra-corporeal experiences (ECE) as strong emotions such as shock, often accompany out-of-body experiences, Popular Science reported.  

      Researchers came across a psychology graduate who admitted she could have voluntary out-of-body experiences before she fell asleep. The 24-year-old revealed she is able to see herself floating horizontally in the air above her body, rotating and can sometimes watch herself from above (illustrated)
      Researchers came across a psychology graduate who admitted she could have voluntary out-of-body experiences before she fell asleep. The 24-year-old revealed she is able to see herself floating horizontally in the air above her body, rotating and can sometimes watch herself from above (illustrated)

      THE STUDENT’S DESCRIPTION OF HER EXTRA CORPOREAL EXPERIENCE

      ‘I feel myself moving, or, more accurately, can make myself feel as if I am moving,’ the student told the researchers, who documented her report in their study.  

      ‘I know perfectly well that I am not actually moving.  There is no duality of body and mind when this happens, not really.  

      'In fact, I am hyper-sensitive to my body at that point, because I am concentrating so hard on the sensation of moving.  

      ‘I am the one moving – me – my body.  For example, if I “spin” for long enough, I get dizzy.  

      ‘I do not see myself above my body.  Rather, my whole body has moved up.  I feel it as being above where I know it actually is.  

      ‘I usually also picture myself as moving up in my mind’s eye, but the mind is not substantive.  It does not move unless the body does,’ she said.

      Andra Smith and Claude Messier used a functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scanner to examine the student’s brain and believe she is the first person studied to have an ECE on demand without any brain abnormalities.  

      They discovered that the ECE involved a ‘strong deactivation of the visual cortex’.  

      But it also ‘activated the left side of several areas associated with kinesthetic imagery’ in the brain, which the scientists think is what cause mental representations of bodily movement.  

      While the researchers have acknowledged the rarity of finding someone to study who can have ECEs on demand, they believe that outer-body-experiences could be more common than thought.  

      This idea is based on the fact that the student thought that being able to float outside her body was not unusual.
      According to the study: ‘The participant described her experience as one she began performing as a child when bored with “sleep time” at preschool.   

      She discovered she could elicit the experience of moving above her body and used this as a distraction during the time kids were asked to nap. She continued to perform this experience as she grew up assuming, as mentioned, that “everyone could do it.”’  

      The scientists discovered that the extra-corporeal experiences (ECE) involved a 'strong deactivation of the visual cortex' (pictured). A shows the right side and B the left)
      The scientists discovered that the extra-corporeal experiences (ECE) involved a 'strong deactivation of the visual cortex' (pictured). A shows the right side and B the left)

      ‘She appeared surprised that not everyone could experience this,’ the researchers wrote in the study, which was published in the journal Frontiers in Human Neuroscience.  

      The scientists think there is a ‘possibility that this phenomenon may have a significant incidence but [is] unreported because people do not think this is exceptional.’  

      They also theorised that ‘the ability might be present in infancy but is lost without regular practice.’  

      The scientists think there is a 'possibility that this phenomenon may have a significant incidence but [is] unreported because people do not think this is exceptional.' They also theorised that 'the ability might be present in infancy (illustrated with a  stock image) but is lost without regular practice'
      The scientists think there is a 'possibility that this phenomenon may have a significant incidence but [is] unreported because people do not think this is exceptional.' They also theorised that 'the ability might be present in infancy (illustrated with a stock image) but is lost without regular practice'


      Do the mysteries of and about shamanism, meditation, tantra, yoga, mindfulness, intuition, and consciousness seem, at times, to be more confusing than you can grasp?  http://bit.ly/MysticalPresentations3

      Sparkling Minds Expanding with the Universe
      Instructor in Tantra Psychology, presenting rational articulation of intuitional science with cogent practical exercises bringing greater personal awareness and cultivation of subtler realms, imbuing new and meaningful talents into participants' lives.  Explore further bringing such capabilities into your realm, both personal and at work.  Contact HERE

      Making a difference for the psychic, moral and physical development of youth, make a difference through and for our Youth Intuitional Development Program


      Mindfulness And Yoga Help At-Risk Kids Cope With Stress

      PBS NewsHour reports on how a Stanford University backed project is bringing yoga and mindfulness practices to Cesar Chavez Academy where middle schoolers, at such a young age, are already showing signs of PTSD just by living their daily lives.  
      According to Dr. Victor Carrion, a professor at Stanford University’s School of Medicine and head of Early Life Stress Research Program who is overseeing the project at Cesar Chavez Academy, up to 30 percent of children living in low-income, high-crime neighborhoods will show signs of PTSD which can in turn affect and impair their ability to learn.  In fact, there is a link between stress and behavior that actually shows up in the chemicals and activity of the brain.  But Dr. Carrion is hoping to help the kids at Cesar Chavez by providing the tools of  yoga to ease the stress before things go too far.  
      Says Michael Fu, a Stanford University medical student involved in the project:
      “The principals of mindfulness really try to make you focus on the present moment.  So whether or not you came in this morning experiencing something stressful at home or something bad happened, for you to be able to come into the classroom and really embrace it and embrace the learning, I think it really allows students to reach their potential.”  
      While it took a little while to get the kids to be OK with doing poses and breathing in front of everyone else (these are middle schoolers, we’re talking about!), students are showing improvements in their attitude and reactions, which can translate into better learning abilities, and environments, as well as more positive temperments overall.  
      “When I get home, I want to play, but [my mother] doesn’t let me because it’s too dark now.  And I get so mad,” says student Brayan Solorio.  ”And then I put my yoga mat that they give me, and I start using it.  The difference is that I’m angry, and then as soon as I use it, I’m not angry no more.  It calms me down.”  
      Principal Amika Guillaume echoes young Brayan adding, “If we can get kids to the point that they realize that, oh, I’m getting hotheaded, oh, my adrenaline is flowing, I am not thinking clearly, I need to stop, step back and reassess, then maybe we have a chance.”  
      Watch the full PBS NewsHour report.  It’s an inspiring and sobering look at how yoga can make a real difference for current and future generations even in its simplest of forms.  


      Do the mysteries of and about shamanism, meditation, tantra, yoga, mindfulness, intuition, and consciousness seem, at times, to be more confusing than you can grasp?  http://bit.ly/MysticalPresentations3

      Sparkling Minds Expanding with the Universe
      Instructor in Tantra Psychology, presenting rational articulation of intuitional science with cogent practical exercises bringing greater personal awareness and cultivation of subtler realms, imbuing new and meaningful talents into participants' lives.  Explore further bringing such capabilities into your realm, both personal and at work.  Contact HERE

      Making a difference for the psychic, moral and physical development of youth, make a difference through and for our Youth Intuitional Development Program


      Monday, January 27, 2014

      Some Icons in Science from Southern Asia

      A few of several South Asian iconic contributors to science and history.  Corrections, such as place of birth, have been placed in brackets [ ].  

      Influences do not always, or ever, flow in a straight line, negative consequences of what may be propounded may not always play out ethically in society, whether retaining accuracy of renderings or morphing them into inaccuracies, for whatever reason.   



      ARYABHATT
      (476 CE) MASTER ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN 




      Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur (Bihar), Aryabhatt's intellectual brilliance remapped the boundaries of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at the age of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an unparallel treatise on mathematics called "Aryabhatiyam." He formulated the process of calculating the motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first to proclaim that the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and is suspended in space - 1000 years before Copernicus published his heliocentric theory. He is also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places: 3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arab mathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians, "This value has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacular contribution was the concept of zero without which modern computer technology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was a colossus in the field of mathematics. 


      BHASKARACHARYA II

      (1114-1183 CE)  


      GENIUS IN ALGEBRA

      Born in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra, Bhaskaracharya's work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted him to fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called "Lilavati" and "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a memorial to his profound intelligence. Its translation in several languages of the world bear testimony to its eminence. In his treatise "Siddhant Shiromani" he writes on planetary positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques and astronomical equipment. In the "Surya Siddhant" he makes a note on the force of gravity: "Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbit due to this attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton. He was the champion among mathematicians of ancient and medieval India. His works fired the imagination of Persian and European scholars, who through research on his works earned fame and popularity. 


      ACHARYA KANAD

      (600 BCE)  


      FOUNDER OF ATOMIC THEORY

      As the founder of "Vaisheshik Darshan"- one of six principal philosophies of India - Acharya Kanad was a genius in philosophy. He is believed to have been born in Prabhas Kshetra near Dwarika in Gujarat. He was the pioneer expounder of realism, law of causation and the atomic theory. He has classified all the objects of creation into nine elements, namely: earth, water, light, wind, ether, time, space, mind and soul. He says, "Every object of creation is made of atoms which in turn connect with each other to form molecules." His statement ushered in the Atomic Theory for the first time ever in the world, nearly 2500 years before John Dalton. Kanad has also described the dimension and motion of atoms and their chemical reactions with each other. The eminent historian, T.N. Colebrook, has said, "Compared to the scientists of Europe, Kanad and other Indian scientists were the global masters of this field."  


      NAGARJUNA (100 CE)  


      WIZARD OF CHEMICAL SCIENCE
      He was an extraordinary wizard of science born in the nondescript village of Baluka in Madhya Pradesh. His dedicated research for twelve years produced maiden discoveries and inventions in the faculties of chemistry and metallurgy. Textual masterpieces like "Ras Ratnakar," "Rashrudaya" and "Rasendramangal" are his renowned contributions to the science of chemistry. Where the medieval alchemists of England failed, Nagarjuna had discovered the alchemy of transmuting base metals into gold. As the author of medical books like "Arogyamanjari" and "Yogasar," he also made significant contributions to the field of curative medicine. Because of his profound scholarliness and versatile knowledge, he was appointed as Chancellor of the famous University of Nalanda. Nagarjuna's milestone discoveries impress and astonish the scientists of today. 


      ACHARYA CHARAK

      (600 BCE)  

      FATHER OF MEDICINE

      Acharya Charak has been crowned as the Father of Medicine. His renowned work, the "Charak Samhita", is considered as an encyclopedia of Ayurveda. His principles, diagoneses, and cures retain their potency and truth even after a couple of millennia. When the science of anatomy was confused with different theories in Europe, Acharya Charak revealed through his innate genius and enquiries the facts on human anatomy, embryology, pharmacology, blood circulation and diseases like diabetes, tuberculosis, heart disease, etc. In the "Charak Samhita" he has described the medicinal qualities and functions of 100,000 herbal plants. He has emphasized the influence of diet and activity on mind and body. He has proved the correlation of spirituality and physical health contributed greatly to diagnostic and curative sciences. He has also prescribed and ethical charter for medical practitioners two centuries prior to the Hippocratic oath. Through his genius and intuition, Acharya Charak made landmark contributions to Ayurvedal. He forever remains etched in the annals of history as one of the greatest and noblest of rishi-scientists.  


      ACHARYA SUSHRUT (600 BCE)  



      FATHER OF PLASTIC SURGERY

      A genius who has been glowingly recognized in the annals of medical science. Born to sage Vishwamitra, Acharya Sudhrut details the first ever surgery procedures in "Sushrut Samhita," a unique encyclopedia of surgery He is venerated as the father of plastic surgery and the science of anesthesia. When surgery was in its infancy in Europe, Sushrut was performing Rhinoplasty (restoration of a damaged nose) and other challenging operations. In the "Sushrut Samhita," he prescribes treatment for twelve types of fractures and six types of dislocations. His details on human embryology are simply amazing. Sushrut used 125 types of surgical instruments including scalpels, lancets, needles, Cathers and rectal speculums; mostly designed from the jaws of animals and birds. He has also described a number of stitching methods; the use of horse's hair as thread and fibers of bark. In the "Sushrut Samhita," and fibers of bark. In the "Sushrut Samhita," he details 300 types of operations. The ancient Indians were the pioneers in amputation, caesarian and cranial surgeries. Acharya Sushrut was a giant in the arena of medical science.


      VARAHAMIHIR (499-587 CE)  

      EMINENT ASTROLOGER AND ASTRONOMERA
      Renowned astrologer and astronomer who was honored with a special decoration and status as one of the nine gems in the court of King Vikramaditya in Avanti (Ujjain). Varahamihir's book "panchsiddhant" holds a prominent place in the realm of astronomy. He notes that the moon and planets are lustrous not because of their own light but due to sunlight. In the "Bruhad Samhita" and "Bruhad Jatak," he has revealed his discoveries in the domains of geography, constellation, science, botany and animal science. In his treatise on botanical science, Varamihir presents cures for various diseases afflicting plants and trees. The rishi-scientist survives through his unique contributions to the science of astrology and astronomy.  


      ACHARYA PATANJALI (200 BCE)  



      FATHER OF YOGA

      The Science of Yoga is one of several unique contributions of India to the world. It seeks to discover and realize the ultimate Reality through yogic practices. Acharya Patanjali, the founder, hailed from the district of [Patun village of Burdwan, in West Bengal today]. He prescribed the control of prana (life breath) as the means to control the body, mind and soul. This subsequently rewards one with good health and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali's 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine systems and many other organs of the body. Yoga has eight limbs where Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi through the disciplines of: yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and dharna. The Science of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific approach and benefits. Yoga also holds the honored place as one of six philosophies in the Indian philosophical system. Acharya Patanjali will forever be remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline, happiness and self-realization.  


      ACHARYA BHARADWAJ (800 BCE)  




      PIONEER OF AVIATION TECHNOLOGY

      Acharya Bharadwaj had a hermitage in the holy city of Prayag and was an ordent apostle of Ayurveda and mechanical sciences. He authored the "Yantra Sarvasva" which includes astonishing and outstanding discoveries in aviation science, space science and flying machines. He has described three categories of flying machines: 1.) One that flies on earth from one place to another. 2.) One that travels from one planet to another. 3.) And One that travels from one universe to another. His designs and descriptions have impressed and amazed aviation engineers of today. His brilliance in aviation technology is further reflected through techniques described by him:
      1.) Profound Secret: The technique to make a flying machine invisible through the application of sunlight and wind force.
      2.) Living Secret: The technique to make an invisible space machine visible through the application of electrical force.
      3.) Secret of Eavesdropping: The technique to listen to a conversation in another plane.
      4.) Visual Secrets: The technique to see what's happening inside another plane.
      Through his innovative and brilliant discoveries, Acharya Bharadwaj has been recognized as the pioneer of aviation technology.  


      ACHARYA KAPIL (3000 BCE)  
      
      


      FATHER OF COSMOLOGY

      Celebrated as the founder of Sankhya philosophy, Acharya Kapil is believed to have been born in {Pati Jhalda] around 3000 BCE to the illustrious sage Kardam and Devhuti. He gifted the world with the Sankhya School of Thought. His pioneering work threw light on the nature and principles of the ultimate Soul (Purusha), primal matter (Prakruti) and creation. His concept of transformation of energy and profound commentaries on atma, non-atma and the subtle elements of the cosmos places him in an elite class of master achievers - incomparable to the discoveries of other cosmologists. On his assertion that Prakruti, with the inspiration of Purusha, is the mother of cosmic creation and all energies, he contributed a new chapter in the science of cosmology. Because of his extrasensory observations and revelations on the secrets of creation.


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